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Enhancing Livelihood Through Diversion Based Irrigation (DBI) In Kalhandi

Odisha is one of the Poorest states in India, And in Odisha KBK(Kalahandi,Bolangir,Koraput)Regions are famous for massive poverty and hunger For last many Years. Specially Kalahandi has been brought to the center of discourse on hunger and poverty by media reports in last few Years. . Kalahandi, which was popularly known as rice bowl of Odisha, now has become history. Today it conspicuously figures on the map of poverty and hunger and is synonymously used for terminologies like starvation and starvation deaths. The high magnitude of poverty and hunger in Kalahandi is now become a cumulative result of underdevelopment.

Till now Many of the villages in kalahandi are non-electrified, people live in un employment,poverty,Water scarcity and communication problems, And these problems are the main obstacles in the development scenario of kalahandi and their location suggests that in the next 20 years they will remain so. Basically Farmers are dependent on traditional way of agriculture“6 Months Agriculture and 6 months Rest” because of unavailability of water resources and rain,after harvesting their crops in 6 months, basically they are jobless for another 6 Months. That’s why hundreds of peoples are migrating every year for to full-fill the needs of their family and Hunger. There is no alternate, either they have choose to migration to metro’s with their family and children or they have to face poverty and hunger for the next year. And the incomes generated from NTFP product marketing are just and hand to mouth for few families. Many examples exist. Basically people are dependable on Agriculture; “this is the need and way” from which they can able to full fill basic needs of their families. But without proper irrigation it has not been possible. Even if certain facilities provided by Government, they are beyond tribal reach.

Despite of rich natural resources, people live in dire poverty. Lack of communication, education &  livelihoods worsens the situation. And water scarcity is the biggest problem of this area,whether it is in the form of drinking water or in the form of agricultural water supply, Tribal’s have no access to better irrigation and other modes of water supply to their lands . It is in this context that AJSA came forward with Sir Dorabji Tata Trust(SDTT),Mumbai to set up Diversion based irrigation, to bring sustainable livelihood of most vulnerable families by implementing diversion based irrigation initiative to ensure food security and climate justice,as well as to enhance living standards and provide sustainable Irrigation. in M.Rampur block of Kalahandi .The villages selected were Barbandh and Dudkarenja located in Kalahandi District,all tribal dominated villages facing acute livelihood insecurities, poor health and sanitation, low incomes and water scarcity.

Now there is a new perspective into livelihoods, the tribal’s here take pride in getting recognized as farmers. Although they still haven’t given up shifting cultivation but the incidence has reduced. It’s from here that they primarily get their cash crops. A lot of efforts need to be given to get them into settled cultivation, once they see a positive cycle of surplus crops from this, will they desist from shifting cultivation. The Diversion Based Irrigation System that has been developed on the gravity flow concept in the village has improved the crop production potential considerably. Now all farmers have assured irrigation for their fields year round. This has led to 2 crop cycles,i.e. Kharif and  Rabi in a given year.While food security has been addressed by in large context.

Now the diversion based irrigation systems are providing irrigation to the un-irrigated areas. And now it has become the main source of livelihood generation for the people having land as well as it’s providing wage employment to the landless also. It is expected that each of the farmers taking irrigated agriculture would have at least an additional annual income of Rs7000 from the scheme in the up-coming year. Now villagers are able to develop kitchen gardens, through the help water provided to them, near their homestead land’s and it also helping women’s to use water for their daily household works. The scheme is now becomes inclusive by providing benefit to all families in some other way and builds the stake of the community for its operation and maintenance. After adoption of irrigation the tribal’s have been able to address their other needs of health and clothing to a large extent & their total perspective has changed.

Please Click On The Below Report, To Know More Details-

ajsa india , ajsa orissa, ajsa bolangir

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