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Environment

Having access to natural resources- land, water and forest as well as their appropriate use and protection has been the underlying factor contributing towards a dignified, locally appropriate and ecologically sustainable livelihood among tribal and other traditional communities.

In the recent past, however, a series of changes at the local, regional, national and global levels in the socio-economic and environmental conditions have adversely affected livelihood security of the poorest communities. Large corporations and mining companies in their resource extraction and de-forestation are contributing directly to loss of livelihoods, displacement from traditional lands and climate change.

AJSA is strongly committed to pursuing Priority Natural Resource management through sustainable forest management in root level, by encapsulated in different root level approaches through involving communities by forming Forest protection committees in Bolangir. All NRM activities are conducted by the active participation of man and women. Which is now becomes the role model of Disaster risk reduction, NTFP marketing and strengthening village committees. And playing an essential role and a step towards ,to reduce the risk of disaster and climatechange, manged by the poor communities in remotest areas .

Plantation in Bolangir- AJSA India-Orissa-BolangirPlantation In Bongomunda,DIST- Bolangir-AJSAAJSA motivates communities to collectively manage their social forestry plantations: These activities raise the income of the community and the community-management and sharing of the benefits develop community unity.

Today there are about 22 village level FPCs covering and protecting around 5020 hectares of forests in Bongomunda block of Bolangir District in Odisha, Now these forests are now totally in community control.

Forest Protection By SHG Leaders- AJSA India-Orissa-BolangirThese strategies not only raise community income, but also increasethe sense of community ownership of resources through the cooperative management of land.This is now become the one of the best success stories regarding safeguarding a forest through community participation. Villagers guard the nearby patches with ‘lathis’ to ensure that the ecosystem is protected. As a result of the vigil, tigers, which had once disappeared from the area, have reappeared in the Barkani village as reported this year by some of the villagers.Now women’s are taking active part in forest protection, by making groups in villages like batharla, Barkani, Kurlubhata.

In the beginning, The FPC issued a notice, for everyone, after that entry to the forest was banned for everyone, no one can cut tree’s, and enter into forest, without prior permission of the FPC. And, that trick worked wonderfully! Now, they guard and protect their own forest.”

This a Year one of AJSA’s partner organization named MITA (Mother India Tribals Assocition) based in Ganjam came forward with AJSA with a commitment to support the Adarsh Gram Gathan Abhiyan. As a tribal development organization, they are also protecting 11204 acres of forest land in their operational areas, under the guidance of AJSA, in Ganjam district. MITA has been involved various tribal centered development activities since its inception.

 

Efforts of AJSA on Natural Resource development are now showing results. Now AJSA is getting significant recognition from various stake holders, For its remarkable contribution NRM activities now is AJSA is praised by the Ministry of Environment, District administration’s, Forest Departments and from media. This year efforts of AJSA were shown in the Leading news channels of India several times.

Role Of AJSA in NRM Based Issues..

Making the land based livelihood viable and environmentally sustainable has been one of the main activities of AJSA in the process of community mobilization and capacity building. AJSA is strengthening the Forest Protection committees (FPC’s) by providing legal Aid and education in relation to displacement from lands.

Organic Farming

Only organic methods can help small family farms survive, increase farm productivity, repair decades of environmental damage. . Organic farming systems always produce high yield crops and increase soil fertility and prevent loss of topsoil to erosion. Animal manure also provides enough nitrogen not only to sustain high crop yields but also to build up the nitrogen storage in the soil .It is a holistic production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity.

In addition to revitalize pesticide free movement through “Adarsh Gram Gathan Abhiyan” and by recognising the importance of organic farming in western orissa, AJSA has taken various initiatives to promote and support organic production and SRI Paddy cultivation. These initiatives include building capacities farmers, land labourers through training programmes, exposure visits etc.

 

IMG_0102Now a day’s, chemical agriculture prevails almost everywhere. At the root level,Organic farmers and small nonchemical farmers face many challenges like challenge of diminishing yields,the challenge of falling markets and rising wage rates etc. in the present day, and there are many issues that need to be addressed. Seeking to address many of these challenges, and AJSA took up a project of organic Farming in      of the remotest, and most underdeveloped Panchayats in Bolangir this year.With a support from Chetna Organic, this organic farming project was facilitated in five villages of each Gram Panchayats

The key motive of this intervention is to create awareness on environmental friendly techniques & practices of cultivation, By primarily aiming to Help the farmers for improve cultivation practices and introduce processes of low external inputs to strengthen their agricultural economy & livelihood.

In this context 28 village level training programs for farmer’s on organic farming,bio-pesticides and composting have been organized. Specific efforts have been made to ensure women participation in all these training programs. The topics related to promotion of Farmers Organization and development of their leadership quality are covered along with organic farming training programs .Monthly meetings and savings are regular activities of farmer’s groups in the operational area’s.In the meeting the members discuss organic farming practices and different developmental activities. A total 3 krushak mela’s have been organized at panchayat level where 121 farmers have participated. The farmers shared their experience and learnt from each other on cultivation of different crops in organic method.7 village level training programs were conducted for farmers’ on following topic’s.

  • Organic Agriculture
  •  Vegetable cultivation and kitchen gardening
  • Onion Cultivation and Preservation
  • SRI Paddy Cultivation

Back up support was provided through training and capacity building programmes which has helped the farmers internalise organic farming concepts, and take up non-chemical techniques of cultivation using mulches, green manure, and crop rotation in addition to the vermin compost and digesters to have better yields. Efforts for helping farmers improve soil fertility, through crop diversification, re-cycling waste through composting, and other organic manures, pest reduction through organic means has been introduced in the irrigated areas, so that farmers can have a better crop, and cut down on the extensive shifting cultivation practices.

2 Farmers were selected from each village to implement all standards of organic agriculture with an intention that other farmers will be learning from the model farmers will be learning from the model. Farmers on different organic cropping practices.7 farmers constructed the onion storage unit from NHM Scheme,Vegetable&onion Seed’s,pumpset’s and agricultural equipment’s   were distributed  to the farmers in collaboration with agriculture department under atma project.

Now AJSA is planning to link up with institutions like APEDA, for the certification of organic onion and SRI Paddy Cultivation for the farmers of this area. By which farmers can get a better price while exporting to the market. for which all farmers of operational areas have been encouraged to take up a organic cultivation in a collective manner.

Especially we were pleased this year to be recognised by the India International Organic forum conference Bhubaneswar, for our valuable contribution towards Farmers in the field of Organic Farming.