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Climate Change & DRR

Disaster Prevention and Preparedness

AJSA contributes to the assessment and mitigation of natural hazards especially drought, flood, cyclone and etc. Especially in western Orissa few activities were undertaken to help the communities in mean time and to reduce the risks of disaster. AJSA has created milestones during the time of continuous occurrence of drought from 1998 to 2004 through the help of Oxfam and Care India, and able to save thousands of life from distress migration,food scarcity and starvation death through food for work program.TWT In Bolangir- AJSA India

People were able to get food and wage by giving labor contribution for construction of Ponds, tank with in tanks, and water harvesting structures in their own villages. Which was became helpful for agriculture and emergency water problems were solved. And few livelihood opportunities were also created in village levels for providing the poor villagers a better livelihood options. By looking forward the issues related to disaster AJSA has therefore adopted and integrate disaster resilience by forming disaster management committees (DMC’s)  in its operational areas.

The Disaster Management committees are the team of elected bodies of in each Gram panchyat’s, promoted by AJSA. They have been actively involved in the promotion of different disaster risk reduction the activities – Formation and maintenance of grain bank seed banks ,Forest protection ,Organic Farming and awareness creation activities.

AJSA takes a comprehensive and integrated approach to disaster and disaster vulnerability,undertaking disaster risk reduction,disaster response and advocacy work through involving DMC’s,VLC’s,SHG’s,CBO’s to Global Networks.

Addressing Drought and Food Scarcity for the poor in Bolangir

Since independence many food security schemes were announced and lunched along with increasein Agriculture and water resource development budgets, but they are too far beyond poor people rich. The purposes of these schemes were toprovide livelihood security to all the citizens of the country. But the ill attitude of the implementationof the schemes made the whole system totally a defunct one. By looking forward these kind of issues, AJSA has taken a step towards, to create money lender free villages. And after that, a revolution started in the year 1990 by villagers by getting support from AJSA.

Grain Bank &Seed Banks 

Before Creation of Sashya panthi’s (Grain and seed banks), people faced a lot of hunger and poverty in their day to day life. They took loan in the form of paddy or money from money lenders (Mahajan’s) by giving land patta’s, ornaments and other assets in 100% interest rate .After taking loan they need to return with double amount of money or paddy, due to high interest rate, many times peoples were usually lost their security (what they have given to the (money lenders).Due to lack of livelihood opportunity and other problems, thousands of people are migrating to metro cities to find work, and to full fill the basic needs of their families. By looking forward these kind of issues, AJSA started formation of seed and grain bank, to address these problems. In every village farmers have deposited 3 mann’s(15 kg’s) of grain and seed after harvesting. And gradually the amount of seed and grain started increasing day by day.

IMG_0306During the mean times, and in urgent times, Villagers take loan from their own bank in 25% interest rate and return back after harvesting. The VLCs (Village level committees) records the details. Now the scenario has changed, there is no need to take loan from outside. Villagers take loan from their own bank in mean times and in the time of draught. Sometimes they sell the extra amount of grain to create assets for their own village.

Objectives Behind formation of Grain bank and

Seed Banks:

  •  To set up mechanism for availability of food to poorest families in distress in each village.
  •  To facilitate public action to influence district administration in favour of poor and marginalized families
  •  To collect, preserve and distribute traditional grain and seeds in the villages
  •  To help the poor and marginal farmers to develop their land and water system
  •  To facilitate community action for compost and bio fertilizer
  •  To help poor villagers in the mean times, now the grain and seed banks are playing a role of Drought proofing fund, and marginal farmers get support for cultivation.

Achievements

i-22 Villagers are now money lender free through the help of grain banks, Money lender’s exploitation is minimized. Total 710 quintal’s of Grain are now stored in 22 villages.

ii- Seeds were stored by using traditional methodology’s in seed banks in 16 villages. Where traditional variety of seeds (MUG, KOLATHA,JHUNGA, BIRI,KUMDA) were stored ,to help farmers lower growing costs – total of 298 farmers were supported from the seed banks

iii- SRI cultivation demonstrated and adopted in 6 Villages, 105 acres of land is now cultivated by 65 Farmers thus saving cost and decreasing harvesting time.

AJSA India,AJSA Orissa,Anchalika Jana Seva Anusthan,AJSA BolangirThe relentless efforts given by AJSA and in its AGGA movement not only addressing problems relating Food scarcity, money lenders exploitation and drought but also now it has become role model for everyone. The effort of AJSA has been shown on “Planning Commission’s Reports and Human Development” Reports of Govt. of India. This year efforts of Community members, Women leaders and AJSA, were praised by media and Government for these innovative approaches.

Human Devlopement Report 2004 By Planning Commission of Odisha,India Human Devlopement Report 2004 By Planning Commission of Odisha,India Capture

Please Click On The Below Reports of Planning Commission Of India,Govt. odisha,WORLP& DFID and UNDP to have an detailed overview of AJSA’s innovative approaches in Food security and Disaster Risk Reduction Activities.

Human Development Report  Odisha Govt. WORLP&DFID

Organic Farming

Only organic methods can help small family farms survive, increase farm productivity, repair decades of environmental damage. . Organic farming systems always produce high yield crops and increase soil fertility and prevent loss of topsoil to erosion. Animal manure also provides enough nitrogen not only to sustain high crop yields but also to build up the nitrogen storage in the soil .It is a holistic production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity. In addition to revitalize pesticide free movement through “Adarsh Gram Gathan Abhiyan” and by recognising the importance of organic farming in western orissa, AJSA has taken various initiatives to promote and support organic production and SRI Paddy cultivation. These initiatives include building capacities farmers, land labourers through training programmes, exposure visits etc.